More Memories…

(1920 – 1939)


September 30 – Trustee McKeand of Saluda Township has named and placed the following teachers: Saluda High School, Enoch Brindley, principal; Mrs. Elva Dawson, Assistant Grade Teacher; District No. 1, L D Eldridge; No. 2, Telma Stucker; No.3, Beulah Goins; No.4, Sophia Wells; No.5; Gladys Graves; No. 6, Dallas Noell; No. 7, Mrs. Ida Bayless; No.9, L. W. Roberts; No. 11, Charles Maddex; No 12, William Lawrence Walker.


June 15Commencement Exercises – The Paynesville Christian Church was crowded for the annual commencement of the Saluda Township schools last Friday evening. An especially well arranged program was presented. The address, “Press On”, was given by the Reverend Donald C. McCullum. Graduates: High School – J. Monroe McKeand and Orlando F. Berry. Grade School: Martha Bennett, Eston Fresh, Frank Graves, Ruby Turner, Helen Bruce, Clifford Giltner, Edna Taylor, Mildred Wilson and Harrel Williamson. The diplomas were presented by County Superintendent Charles Dibler.

Excerpts from a letter written in 1923 by James McKeand, class of 1923: “I entered Saluda High School in September 1919 in a class of 12 members. Two of us graduated in 1923, Arlie Berry and myself. The principal of the high school in1922-23 was Enoch Brindley. The only other teacher was Elva Dawson. There was approximately a total enrollment of 25. During high school, we had a basketball team which included some WW I veterans. 1919-1927, we played on an outside court just south of the old building. For 1921-23, we established an indoor floor by taking out a wall between the two west rooms, inserting a sliding partition so we could use the class rooms by day and the basketball floor after school. We had a few night games by using gasoline lanterns. We played in sectional tournaments in Scottsburg and Hanover. I played in the 1920-23 season. I taught at Marble Hill after completing 18 weeks of education at Hanover College. I received state honors in track at Hanover College.”

Outdoor Basketball Court at Saluda.


July 17 – A large crowd attended the play “Engaged by Wednesday” given at the Saluda High School. The same play will be given again in the near future. Watch for the dates.


– “Amos Bowman who had a car dealership in Paynesville drove the Marble Hill school bus route. The bus had wooden benches built lengthwise along both sides. To accommodate more students, Bowman had placed, in the center and at the length of the bus, an unsecured wooden bench. So many pupils were riders that they had to sit on the dash near the windshield, stood in the aisle leaning on the windows and in the door wells.” – Recollection by Paulina Morris Giltner.


August 3 – Bids for the construction of an assembly room to be added to the present Saluda High School building will be submitted on August 6th at the office of Mr. Moreland, trustee of Saluda Township schools.

December 6Saluda vs. New Washington High School, Gym, Friday night, Dec. 7th. Doors will open at 7 pm. Soft drinks and candy will be sold.


January 10 – BASKETBALL – Saluda High School vs. New Washington H. S. (to play off tie) Friday night, Jan. 17th; preliminary game – Saluda Juniors vs. N. W. Juniors, Game 7:00.

October 17 – New Washington defeated Saluda and Central last week. Admission, 15 and 25 cents

November 13 – The schools of the township are progressing nicely under an efficient corps of teachers. Saluda is still alive since the election. Herbert Taff was elected trustee.

December – While Saluda and Lexington were playing basketball in the wooden gym, the Delco lighting equipment suddenly quit. No lights. However, the Lexington fans all had candles??? with them.


January 1 – Miss Ruth Wilson is able to resume her work as teacher at the Mills school.

January 8 – Dallas Noell and family have moved to the Levi store residence to be near his teaching at Ten Cent school. The economics class at the Saluda High School served dinner to the retiring and incoming trustees, their wives and the teachers. Cleo Reed is now living with her father, Harley, and attending Saluda High School.

February 6 – The last basketball game of the season will be played at the New Washington High School gym on Friday night. N. W. H.S. boys vs. Saluda

April 2 – O.C. Boyer and seven boys of the Saluda High School attended the banquet and older boys’ agriculture conference at North Vernon, Friday afternoon and night.

April 30Saluda Commencement– The Senior Class of the Saluda High School announces its commencement exercises on Monday evening, May 11, 1931, at 8 o’clock at the Paynesville Christian Church. Reverend S. Lovell will deliver the address and the Hanover Community Orchestra will furnish the music. There are five graduates: Alberta Giltner, Altha Snyder, Wayne A. Hutsell, Howard L. Jones and Quthbert Benham. The announcements were printed at the New Washington Courier office.

May 10 – Mrs. Ruth Hardy, domestic science teacher at the Saluda High School, with her class of girls are at Purdue University this week.

July 16 – The Farm Bureau meeting held at the Saluda High School Friday night was well attended. Some 200 were served with ice cream and cake. Speakers were R. N. Thomas, County Agent, Mr. Craig and Mr. Young of Hanover.

July 30 – The following men are the Saluda bus drivers: John F West, Louie Stein, Harry Schirmer and Harry Pender.

October 22 – The school at Paynesville opened Monday with L. D. Eldridge as the teacher. The Township schools have the following teachers for the ensuing term: High School, O. C. Boyer, principal; Corwin Benham, Hazel Mount, Ruth Hardy, Mrs. Weir, and Yingling. Grades: Cecil Moreland and Ruth Wilson. Township Schools: Elnora Henney, Saluda; Dallas Noell, Ten Cent; L. D. Eldridge, Paynesville; Gladys Burns, Mills; and Clete Hooker, Marble Hill. Kenneth Hostetler is teaching at Manville. Miss Beulah Goins, a former Saluda teacher, is teaching in Shelby Township. The music room at Saluda High School has been completed.

October 22 – The Saluda High School basketball team defeated Lexington Friday afternoon at Lexington. The game was a fast one, resulting 14 to 8 in favor of Saluda. The following are the Saluda players: Howard King, captain; Bibb, Watson, Moore, Bayless, Sterling, West, Taylor, Bowman and Boyer.

November 5 – Saluda basketball team played Paris Crossing, Friday night and was defeated by one score.

November 26 – The school fair and festival held at Saluda High School on Armistice Day was largely attended. A splendid play was presented. The “Colored Mammy” by Mrs. O. C. Boyer was a real feature.

December 24 – The basketball game between Saluda and Hanover on Friday night resulted in a victory of 15 to 12 in favor of Saluda.

How Ten Cent School was Named…

Ten Cent school was and is located in Saluda Township near that wild and picturesque place known as Plowhandle Point that overlooks the broad Ohio Valley from a perch hundreds of feet in the air. The people in Plowhandle Point area banded together back in the 1800’s to build a school for their children. It was to be a roomy building with plenty of space for a lot of youngsters. Contractor, Matt Bair, great uncle of Donald Bair, was commissioned to build the structure of solid timbers and good craftsmanship. But, when he finished the structure, he found to his chagrin he had spent more money on the building than he had to pay for it.

The good folks of the area quickly rallied to his aid and decided they would take up a collection to pay the difference. The wealthiest man in the area was contacted first, and he scoffed his disdain for a contractor who couldn’t build at a profit; then handed over – of all things – a dime. At length, enough money was raised to pay off Bair’s losses and a public ceremony was held to open the school and name it – whereupon one Saluda resident branded the pinch penny miser who gave the first “donation” for life by suggesting, “Let’s call it Ten Cent School,” and Ten Cent school it was – and the parsimonious tightwad never lived down his gift of a dime to help the community’s children and a respected workman. Pearl Bibb Horine recalled that students learned reading, writing and arithmetic. They spent their free time running through the large hickory trees that surrounded the school that was lined with desks and heated with two wood burning stoves. Ten Cent served as a school until the 1930’s when the iron bell on the school’s rooftop dismissed class for the last time.

Ten Cent School in 1938


– This was the first class which had its graduation in the wooden gymnasium.


– The high school music and drama teacher, Miss Mary Sample, directed the play titled, “Paul, the Prisoner of the Lord”. The churches in the community dismissed Sunday evening services and packed the school auditorium for this spiritual drama.

Memories of Paulina Giltner: I entered Sweet Saluda on February 16, 1925. The school was located near the entrance to the Reed Orchard and made of clapboard. The floors were of rough lumber, blackboard on one side and dinner bucket shelf on other side. Desks were of assorted sizes and styles with signs of carvings from earlier generations. No water supply except a spring on Forrest Reed’s farm and we drank from a common dipper. A Rosa Bonheur* print of horses was the only wall decoration. Two privies and a coal shed stood at the edge of the property. We were taught manners: to say please and thank you, speak with a respectful title to the teachers, Miss (“Miss Fannie”). Cassetta was our teacher. Her husband would come and help to put up a Christmas tree or props for a play.

Fourth grade teacher was Miss Alice McClellan. She would go to six weeks of teacher training and finally after sometime get her degree. A one-room teacher was the custodian, fireman and made structural repairs. A music teacher, Mr. Brown, came to teach music and some songs were: Old Dog Trey, Ole Black Joe, and Juanita. Miss Bertha Lanham, who had a mean demeanor, was the truant officer. The superintendent was Mr. John Gabel, who was a frequent visitor.

The games were: Prisoners Base, Dare Base, Andy Over, Did you Ever, Double Supper, and winter snow games: Fox and Geese or King of the Mountain. Miss Ethel Flint was the fifth and sixth grade teacher. During winter months when the roads were impassable, Miss Ethel drove to Paynesville and walked the two miles to school. When Miss Elnora Henney was the teacher, she was conducting class and finally acknowledged Clarence Joyce’s uplifted hand. He said “Miss Elnora, the school house is on fire.” She led the pupils to safety and Sweet Saluda was gone.

*Bonheur was a famous French artist in the 1800s, a realist, artist and sculptor. Exhibits are in the New York Museum of Art. She was the most famous woman painter of the 19th century.


Reflections of Sara Noell Nighbert, 1936 – Sara at the age of five rode to school in a horse and buggy with her father Dallas Noell. He was a teacher at Sheep Run. Her first official school was Frog Pond as it was known. There was one big register to keep the attendance and records in the building. Now to the story of how it got the name of Frog Pond. The building was moved from a woods west of where it stood and on the opposite side of the road. The ground on which it originally stood had been given by great grandfather William Arbuckle. He may have helped build it in the 1850s for grandmother who had older siblings. It made him mad when it was moved and he said “they are just moving it over night into a frog pond.” The name stuck.

Some of the old double desks were still in use when I went in 1925. Frog Pond sat in a hay field and in the fall there were grasshoppers. One of the students’ games was how many grasshoppers we could catch. There was no water unless you brought your own from home. Sara was the only student in first grade so she read all the books and passed to the third grade. The only way to go was walking through fields, crawling through barbed wire fences, and jumping a creek. One evening the creek was so high from a big rain it couldn’t be jumped. My dad found two long poles and showed me how to pole vault across. In the spring, I collected 3 or 4 pounds of red clay on my shoes as I had to cross corn fields. There was a lean-to on the school building for the horse and a “May Pole” in the middle. In early spring of fourth grade at College Corner some gypsies came up State Highway 62 from the south in wagons pulled with horses and camped just across the road from the school. The next morning everything that was wood was gone. They had used it all for their fire. That meant the bats and bases were gone, too. Children were closely watched as gypsies would steal children.

In fifth grade I was back in Frog Pond and it was the last year for that school, ca 1929. For sixth grade, I walked about one mile to catch the school bus, driven by Louie Stein. Miss Ruth Wilson rode the bus and we sat on wooden benches in the bus. One morning, Miss Ruth was so cold after her long ride that she was crying. When we arrived at the school, Miss Gladys Burns and another teacher were very concerned about her. Miss Gladys had grades 4, 5, and 6. Students learned from hearing others recite in the upper grades when in a multiple classroom. Professor Boyer went to the homes in Saluda to ask the residents to make donations to build the wooden gym. Some donated farm products.


April 28 – Beryl Hammond Miller, 1914, of Indianapolis was here for the Saluda Alumni Banquet. Kenneth Reed was here for the alumni banquet. The orchestra dedicated a military selection to his honor.

May – This commencement was a first and of historic significance for Saluda High School. George Jackson, a graduating senior, was the son of a graduate, Freda Roberts Jackson, 1915.

August 18 – The Jefferson County Sunday Rally held at the Saluda High School was largely attended, every township in the county being represented. About 500 were seated at the banquet table.

September 29 – The Saluda schools opened with 100 in the upper grades and the following staff in charge: Professor O. C. Boyer, Corwin Benham, Miriam Epply, Miss Kent, Floyd Stillhammer, Miss Ashley and John Gable. Mrs. Lorena Taff resigned to teach at Austin. The grade teachers were Clete Hooker, Cecil Moreland, Ruth Wilson, Gladys Johnson, and Elnora Henney.

November 8 – Article in The Madison Courier by Chas E. Heberhart:

(Heberhart had surveyed the county schools with county superintendent, W. H. Clashman.)

The following are paraphrased remarks by the writer or in quotes: A recent fire destroyed Saluda’s gymnasium. The school house here is of some concern. “The school house as it now stands is in need of many things, mostly a new building. The wooden structure although only one story, is somewhat of a fire hazard, the only way being in or out thru a central hall or the windows. There were no other schools with these conditions. This may stir some resentment among those who are anxious to retain the school where it is. The attendance at this school lists 166 pupils in grades one to eight with 60 in the high school. The over flow of pupils due to the fire will be sent to a former grade school which is one mile north. There will be 25 pupils sent to the school. The one-room structure has been abandoned and is known as the ‘Ten Cent’ schoolhouse. The ceiling looks about ready to fall in and an entire window has been boarded up because the glass is broken. The building is the only one I saw that would make a survivor of the 1830’s feel at home.”

A rebuttal, signed, Saluda citizen:

There is some incorrect information in the article by Heberhart. The attendance reported to the state is 198 pupils in the grades. “So with 258 students enrolled in eight grades and high school why shouldn’t we be interested in keeping a school here. Heberhart might have been surprised had he attended a meeting held in the school building in connection with the PTA who sponsored a ‘shower’ for the burned out home economics department and also sold refreshments. A long table with kitchen equipment overflowed onto the floor. Also, $20.00 in cash with approximately the same from refreshment sales. As to the hazard: 110 students are seated in the assembly and can empty through an outside front entrance without going thru part of the hall.”

The present Ten Cent building was erected after 1912 and “at the time of erection was the newest and best approved type of one-room school building.” Had Heberhart been so inclined he would have heard plans for a new building of fire-proof materials which would be planned for the gymnasium with classrooms and wings to be added later.

Rebuttal: Heberhart defended his description and fire hazard conditions. He denied that he or Mr. Garber, owner of the paper, is “concerned with the reported move to concentrate the pupils of the Saluda schools in the Hanover school”. (Writer thought to be Corwin Benham)

November 10 – The economics class of Saluda High was well remembered at their play, realizing a nice sum.

December 1Basketball schedule from New Washington with Saluda listed as playing twice: November 11, at New Washington, and January 27 at New Washington. (No gym at Saluda)


August 3 – The electric line will enter from Saluda High School to Paynesville, thereby filling a long felt need for lights at churches, schools and elsewhere.

September 28 – Saluda schools will open October 2, as the W.P.A. repair work on the building will be completed by then.

December 7 – The Saluda PTA wishes to thank the many Clark County friends who helped by their attendance at the play, “Womanless Wedding,” recently given at the Paynesville Christian Church. Dale Smith related this story. “My part to play was a business man. As the character called for me to be smoking a cigar, the schism came about that I would light it during the play. Professor Boyer heard of this secret plan. He told me that if I lighted it, I would be expelled and not graduate. I lighted it. The audience was so delighted that Professor Boyer had to Iet me graduate.”

1938 – 1939 – The Saluda Lions won the Jefferson County Tourney. The score was Saluda 33 and Deputy 31. Team members: Ernest Auxier, John Bare, Dale Crafton, Marvin Davidson, Clifford Hay, Maurice Horine, Clarence Joyce, Donald King, Richard Lawson, Charles Marsh, Dale Smith and Ralph Wise; Coach, Floyd Stillhammer.

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More Memories(1940 – 1945)

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